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    名詞的數 2不規則變化
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    名詞的數 2不規則變化

    名詞的數 2不規則變化第二部分:不規則變化

      

        我們經常會看到有些名詞變復數時并沒有遵循上述規則。這就是名詞的不規則變化。還有一些名詞,單復數是同一個形式的。不過,我們還是可以通過一些比較,發現其中的一些奧妙。以下我將為大家講講名詞的不規則變化。

      一、有些名詞中保存了英語中古舊的復數形式,如:

      man-men         woman-women

      tooth-teeth        foot-feet

      child-children     goose-geese

      mouse-mice       ox-oxen

      二、有些是外來詞,仍保有原來的復數形式,如:

      Phenomenon-phenomena(現象)

      Formula-formulae(公式)

      Thesis-theses(論文)

      Basis-bases(基礎)

      Analysis-analyses(分析)

      Criterion-criteria(標準)

      Crisis-crises(危機)

      Appendix-appendices(附錄)

          三、部分單詞的復數形式不變。

      例:fish→fish; sheep→sheep; cattle→cattle; deer→deer; salmon→salmon, means→means

      四、compound nouns,這類復數詞是以主要的名詞來表示

      例:daughter-in-law→daughters-in-law 媳婦; father-in-law→fathers-in-law岳父  

      man-of-war→men-of-war兵艦; maid-servant→maid-servants  

      step-son→step-sons晚子; son-in-law→sons-in-law.

      但是,也有些合成名詞,特別是由man和woman構成的合成名詞,里面所含的成分,全都要變為復數,如:

      Man-servant-men-servants,woman doctor-women doctors等

      五、有些名詞經常是帶著-s詞尾的,但通常都作單數看待,如:

          Phonetics(語音學),physics(物理學),optics(光學),politics(政治),news(新聞)等。

      六、另一些名詞則以復數詞出現的機會較多

      例:bellows風箱; clothes; police; shorts短褲; scissors剪刀; spectacles眼鏡; shears大剪刀,trousers長褲,wages工資,belongings所有物, surroundings環境,savings儲蓄,findings調查結果,arms武器,clothes衣服,stairs樓梯,等

      七、另外還有一些名詞,其復數形式有時可表示特別意思,

      例:goods貨物,waters水域,fishes(各種)魚,papers文件,證件,greens青菜,manners禮貌,ruins廢墟,troops軍隊,looks外貌,times時代,等

      第三部分:不可數名詞的計量方法

     。1)一般用“數字+of+計量單位+名詞”表示,(注意:當數字大于一時,表示計量單位的名詞可以有復數形式)。如:

      a piece of news 一則新聞  a piece of meat 一塊肉 a glass of wine一杯酒 two bowls of rice  兩碗米 a sum of money 一筆錢 five bags of flour 一袋面粉 a drop of water 一滴水 three bottles of milk 三瓶牛奶 two pieces of advice 兩條建議

     。2)用much/some/ a little/ little/ a lot of/ plenty of+不可數名詞

      練習題:

      1、  All the people at the conference are ______.

      a. mathematic teachers   c. mathematics teacher

      b. mathematics teachers  d. mathematic’s teachers        (C)

      2、All the ______ in the hospital got a rise last month.

      a. women doctors               c. woman doctors

      b. women doctor                d. woman doctor      (a)

      3、---Are there any ________ on the farm?

      ---Yes, there are some.

      A. horse  B. duck  C. chicken  D. sheep       (D)

      4、--- They are thirsty. Will you please give them ______ ?

        --- Certainly.

       A. some bottles of waters   B. some bottles of water

       C. some bottle of water     D. some bottle of waters     (B)

      5、Mike hurt one of his ______ in the accident yesterday.

       A. tooth   B. feet   C. hand   D. ear        (B)

      6、There is some _______ on the plate.

       A. cakes   B. meat   C. potato   D. pears    (B)

      7、The little baby has two _______ already.

       A. tooth   B. tooths   C. teeth   D. teeths    (C)

      8、We need some more____. Can you go and get some, please?

      A. potato B. potatos C. potatoes D. potatoe      (C)

      

       9、Please remember to give the horse some tree___.

      A. leafs B. leaves C. leaf D. leave        (B)

          10、He gave us____ on how to keep fit.

      A. some advices B. some advice C. an advice D. a advice   (B)

          11、Please pass me _____.

      A. two glass of water    B. two glasses of waters  

      C. two glasses of water    D. two glass water    (C)

          12、There are a lot of _______ down there but hardly any _______.

      A. sheeps, people   B.sheep, people  C. sheeps, peoples    D. sheep, peoples    (B)

          13、This table is made of __________.

      A. many glass     B. glasses    C. some glasses   D. glass     (D)

          14、______ can get a better view of the game than the participants.

      A. Looker-on    B. Lookers-on    C. Looker-ons    D. Lookers-ons   (B)

          15、Some ______ are flying kites near the river.

      A. child   B. boy    C. boys     D. childs      (C)

          16、Mr. Smith always has ________ to tell us.

      A. some good pieces of news  B. some pieces of good news 

      C. some good piece of news   D. some piece of good news     (B)

          17、Twelve _______ were hurt, but no _________ were lost in that accident.

      A. person; life     B. people; lives   C. peoples; lives    D. persons; life  (B)

          18、In the view of the foreign experts, there wasn’t ____ oil here.

      A. much    B. lots of    C. a great deal of    D. many      (A)

          19、The police investigated those _____ about the accident.

      A. stander-by                 C. standers-by

      B. stander-bys                D. standers-bys           (B)

          20、Generally there are ______ television programs for children on Saturday.

     A. little    B. much    C. a large number of    D. a large amount of     (C)

     

     

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    名詞的數 2不規則變化
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    名詞的數 2不規則變化 在线视频情侣
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